Endodontic or root canal treatment is a very important part of dentistry. Endodontic diseases are often caused by infection, trauma or iatrogenic complications. When endodontic pathology is present, professional treatment is necessary and latest technologies guarantee services of highest quality.

What happens when the pulp of a tooth is infected? How does endodontic pathology occur?

When the infection reaches pulp of the tooth, blood vessels are damaged and tissue starts to degenerate. Usually, this process is followed by pain (sometimes very strong and acute or dull and continuous), elevated tooth feeling, swelling, fever or emergence of fistula.

Inflammation of the pulp of the tooth can occur due to:

  • Low-quality restoration
  • Trauma (e.g. tooth chipping, submerging, etc. )
  • Forces exceeding biological capabilities of periodontium during orthodontic treatment

How does the endodontic treatment procedure go?

Firstly, the correct endodontic cavity is formed. The dentist will find main and additional entrances of root canals, remove remains of old filling materials, find calcified canals and effectively remove any remnants from root canals. To perform this procedure, dentist relies on German microscope “Carl Zeiss” which is known for its imaging quality and also “Satelec” ultrasonic machine P5 Newtron XS. Root canals are formed using both – manual and rotary “ProTaper” tapers. Hot gutta-percha technique, which enables to fill not only main canals but also additional ones in three dimensions, is used for root canal filling.

What is the length of endodontic treatment?

The main factor of endodontic treatment length is tooth condition. Usually, treatment is done in 1 – 2 visits. After finishing treatment, roentgenological and clinical observation for 3 – 4 years (visits every 3 – 6 months) will guarantee the lowest risk of complications.

View of the tooth through a lens of microscope before and after endodontic treatment.